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Personal, Social and Emotional Development


At the Rainbow Education Multi Academy Trust, we use the Zones of Regulation as a tool for children to be able to talk about how they are feeling. We also use the Zones of Regulation to help children regulate and describe their emotions if they are feeling a particular way.

There is some information about the Zones of Regulation below.



Getting enough sleep is important for all of us, especially young children! There is more information below to help you support your child with their sleeping routine:



Getting young children into a good routine of brushing their teeth regularly is really important. There is more information to support parents and carers below.



Dummies can be a great tool for calming and comforting little ones. They certainly have their uses in the first year of life; however, we advise trying to ditch the dummy by the age of one. After this age, dummies can begin to create problems for your growing baby.

It certainly becomes more difficult to convince your child to part with their dummy as they move into and through toddlerhood, and the dummy can negatively impact developing speech and language as well as your child’s teeth.

The longer your baby uses a dummy, the more chance there is that the structure of their mouth will be affected. This means it will affect how their teeth meet when they close their mouth or when they bite. This can not only affect their baby teeth, but their adult teeth later on too.

It is completely normal to feel a little worried about how your baby will react and cope when you first take their dummy away. Although they may show their unhappiness in no uncertain terms at first, it’s good to remember that babies and children are very adaptable and it should only take a few days until they adjust to life without a dummy!

How to ditch the dummy

There are different ways to approach discontinuing dummy use and it is your decision which way you go about it, however once you have decided, it is important to remain firm and consistent with your decision in order for your baby to adjust to the change without getting confused.

Some parents prefer to gradually wean their baby off of the dummy; this can be done by beginning to offer the dummy at nap and bed time only, before eventually removing it completely. Other parents feel that the gradual approach may confuse their baby and so decide to remove it completely.

Here are some general tips you can follow:

  • Offer something else as a comforter in place of the dummy; this can be a specific teddy or a small blanket.
  • Once your baby is asleep, take the dummy away.
  • If your baby wakes in the night try to comfort them without giving them back the dummy
  • Remove dummies from the home or keep them out of sight.
  • Never let your baby babble or talk with the dummy in their mouth. This will stop them from learning to speak clearly.
  • Depending on their age and level of understanding, you can prepare your child for what’s going to happen. For example, you might say: “Tomorrow we’re going to say bye-bye to dummy because you’re a big boy/girl now.”
  • You can ask your child to collect all their dummies into a bag and then leave them out for the birds/fairies/Easter bunny/Santa to collect. You can leave a small gift to replace the dummies
  • Give your child praise and encouragement, and if they haven’t mentioned the dummy, try not to remind them
  • You may want to use an incentive such as a sticker chart to show your child how well they’re doing.
  • If your child asks for the dummy you can either explain to them that they can only have it at sleep times or that we don’t have the dummy anymore. You can also use distraction by quickly diverting their attention to playing and having fun.
  • Consistency really is key. Once you have decided to ditch the dummy, you and all those who care for your little one must stay consistent.